How to Control Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is the force at which blood pumps from the heart into the arteries. A normal pressure reading is less than 120/80 mmHg. Is there any possibility to manage your blood pressure levels without depending the medicines? Yes, an indispensable part of managing high pressure is healthy lifestyle. Apart from being important for the prevention of high pressure, it reduces the dependence on medicines. If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure or concerned about the risk factors, remember that high pressure is manageable. By adopting the below given lifestyle changes, you can confidently keep your blood pressure under check.
Check Body Mass Index (BMI)
Your Body Mass Index is a measure of your health; as long as you are into the range of 18 – 25, you are fine and you are putting less burden on your heart as your blood pressure is under check. However, if your BMI goes beyond 25 or more, it means you are carrying extra weight and putting added burdens or pressure on every part of your body including your heart.
Start Physical Activity
If you are leading a sedentary life, then you are at high risk of high blood pressure. Ensure at least 20 – 30 minutes of exercise, physical activity or walking most days of the week. You can notice the difference in your BP levels within a few weeks of physical activity. If you have pre-hypertension, then regular exercise or physical activity can help you avoid developing high pressure. If you have some health concerns, then talk to your doctor before beginning any exercise regimen as you may need some exercise limits.
Losing weight is beneficial as you lose weight your blood pressure also reduces. If you carry extra weight around your waistline, it will put you at a greater risk of high pressure. Therefore, in addition to losing weight, you should also watch your waistline and, if you are a man ensuring that your waistline measurement is under 36 cm and if woman, then ensure that it is not greater than 32 cm.
Prefer Healthier Food Options
What you eat really matters for your pressure and heart's health. Eating low-fat dairy products, fruits, vegetables and whole grains and avoiding a diet rich in fat and cholesterol may help reduce your blood pressure. Avoid eating junk food – the food high in salt, sodium and fat – if you prefer eating outside and include potassium rich food like vegetables, fruits and coconut water. potassium is good for your heart as it lessens the effects of sodium on BP. Limit your sodium intake to about 6 g per day. Packaged foods contain sodium; therefore, in each serving keep a track of sodium you take. And also maintain the amount of sodium you consume each day; This will help you to decide the foods to have or avoid. Avoid salt and use herbs and spices to season the food you make at home.
Although drinking alcohol in moderation is beneficial for health, yet there lies more harm than benefits in alcohol. Drinking too much alcohol in excess of two or more drinks a day for men and more than one drink for women proves potentially harmful. Alcohol raises the blood pressure by several points. Alcohol, in addition to increasing the blood pressure also reduces the effectiveness of pressure medicines. If you are a heavy drinker, be cautious and stop drinking under the supervision of a health care practitioner only – who will advise you to reduce it gradually.