Greater than fifty percent of all Americans aged 60 and over have HBP and about two out of every three of these treated isolated systolic hypertensive (ISH). ISH occurs when the top number (systolic blood pressure) is high.
HBP typically has no signs or symptoms. You can have HBP for years without realizing it, although rarely, headaches may occur. During this period of time your HBP may cause damage to your blood vessels, heart or even kidneys failure. Some men and women only find out that they have HBP after the damage has been done.
Knowing your blood pressure numbers even when you're feeling fine is important. If your blood pressure is too high, you can always take steps to lower your blood pressure.
HBP can cause:
Your heart can get bigger or weaker, which may result in heart failure. Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can not pump enough blood to meet your body's requirements.
Arteries through your body may narrow in some places, which limits the blood flow (especially to the heart, brain, kidneys, and legs). This can cause a heart attack, stroke or amputation of part of your leg.
Aneurysms (AN-u-risms) form in your blood vessels. An aneurysm is an abnormal bulge in the wall of your artery. A common area for aneurysms to form is in your main artery that carries blood from the heart to the body, the arms in your brain, artery leading to your spleen, legs, and intestines:
Blood vessels in your kidneys may become narrow, which may result in kidney failure.
Blood vessels in your eyes may burst or bleed. This may lead to blindness or vision changes.
Goals and objectives for numerous men and women is to maintain their blood pressure levels below 140/90 mmHg. With regards to men and women who have diabetes or chronic kidney disease, their objective is to maintain their blood pressure levels below 130/80 mmHg.
Coping with your stress levels, as well as learning how to deal with stress plus a healthy balanced way of life will help you manage your high blood pressure.
- Remaining physically active
- Sustaining your nutritious diet
- Retaining a proper bodyweight
- Stop using tobacco
Numerous men and women may be able to control their particular blood pressure levels through implementing lifestyle configurations, however some can not. Your primary objective is to successfully manage your blood pressure levels.
Even if your doctor recommends a medication plan as part of your treatment, do continue your fitness and health diet and lifestyle routines.
Carrying out a Nutritious Diet
Your family doctor may recommend the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) weight loss program for you if you have HBP. The DASH eating plan focuses on vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and other foods that are heart healthy and low in fat, cholesterol, and sodium (salt).
DASH also focuses on fat-free or low-fat milk and dairy products, fish, poultry, and nuts. The DASH eating plan is reduced in red meats (including lean red meats), sweets, added sugars, and sugar-containing beverages. It's rich in nutrients, protein, and fiber.
To help you manage HBP, make sure you control just how much salt you consume. This necessities selecting low-sodium and “no added salt” food items and also seasonings. The actual Nutrition Information sticker on food items shows the volume of sodium within the contents. Make sure you consume no more than rough 1 teaspoon of sodium each day.
In addition, you need to actually reduce alcohol based drinks. Too much alcohol will raise your blood pressure. Men should have no more than two alcoholic drinks a day. Women should have no more than one alcoholic drink a day. One drink is a glass of wine, beer, or a small amount of hard liquor.
Remaining Physically Active
Regular physical exercise will certainly reduce your high blood pressure, as well as reducing your potential risk in regards to various other health problems. Speak with your doctor beforecoming any new fitness program. Identify strictly how much and also what types of physical exercise are safe for you.
Men and women achieve excellent health and fitness benefits as a result of just completing sixty minutes each week of moderate intensity aerobic activity. The more physical activities you do, the greater fitness and health benefit for you and your body.
Keeping a proper Weight
The actual terminologies “overweight” and “obesity” make reference to your body weight and what is thought to be well balanced and healthy for a particular height.
Retaining an appropriate bodyweight will assist you to manage high blood pressure and lower your own threat in regards to other health issues.
To lose excess weight, reduce your calorie intake and accomplish more physical activities. Consume lower calorie foods and have smaller sized meals or snacks.
Smoking will damage your blood vessels and lift your threat of high blood pressure. Smoking can certainly aggravate health conditions associated with high blood pressure. Furthermore, attempt to avoid second hand smoke.
Coping with Stress
Learning to manage stress, relaxing, and taking care of your circumstances can certainly enhance your physical and emotional well being.
Physical exercise has helped numerous people deal with stress. Other individuals listen to music or concentrate on anything tranquil to minimize stress levels. Many people learn yoga, tai chi, and meditation exercises.
Destructive Diet and lifestyle Habits
Numerous destructive behaviors can certainly increase your threat of HBP:
- Eating too much sodium (salt)
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Not getting enough potassium in your diet
- Not doing enough physical activity
Race / Ethnicity
HBP can affect on anyone. Bear in mind, it is more widespread in African American adults than in Caucasian or Hispanic American adults. With regards to such groups, African Americans:
- Often have more more HBP
- Tend to get HBP earlier in life
- They are more likely to be aware that they have HBP
- Are more likely to get treatment
- Are less likely than Caucasians and about as likely as Hispanic Americans to achieve target control levels with HBP treatment.
HBP risks vary among different groups of Hispanic American adults. For instance, Puerto Rican American adults have higher rates of HBP related deaths than all other Hispanic groups and Caucasians. However, Cuban Americans have lower rates of HBP related death than Caucasians.
Other Risk Factors:
Fewer adult women have HBP when compared with adult men. But, younger women (aged 18-59) are more likely than men to be aware of HBP and get treatment.
Women aged 60 and older are as likely as men to be aware of and be treated for HBP. However, some treated women aged 60 and older, blood pressure control is lower than it is in men in the same age group.
A family history of HBP raises your risk for the condition. Long-repeating stress can also increase you risk of HBP.
You're also more likely to develop HBP if you have prehypertension. Prehypertension means that your blood pressure is in the 120-139 / 80-89 mmHg.
Therefore, it is extremely important to maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating the correct foods and exercising at least 3 times per week. Your fitness and health depends on challenging yourself mentally and physically to achieve your goals.