Hypertension commonly referred to as high blood pressure, can be seen more and more often in people as they grow older. People who suffer from borderline Hypertension are often advised to lead a healthy life while those who have major problems are treated with medication. It is important to keep a check on your pressure so that you can catch any problem quickly and get it treated.

Causes and Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Most of the time, hypertension is caused due to bad lifestyle habits. These include smoking, drinking alcohol, a high intake of salt, lack of exercise, etc. Hypertension also occurs more in people as they get older. In some cases, it may also run in the family. These account for around 90% of hypertension cases.

If the Hypertension is not caused by these factors, the other factors are called secondary hypertension. These include problems like diabetes, hormonal conditions, consumption of contraceptive pills, kidney diseases, lupus, painkillers, recreational drugs, etc.

Even though it is difficult to catch the signs of Hypertension, these are some of the common symptoms that can be seen in people:

• Vision problems
• Bad headaches
• Bleeding from the nose
• Nausea
• Confusion

If you start to experience one or more of these symptoms frequently, it is advised to visit a doctor and get your blood pressure level checked.

Treating High Blood Pressure

Hypertension is usually kept under control with a combination of lifestyle changes and medication. Those who have borderline Hypertension are often told to change certain lifestyle habits in order to keep the blood pressure normal. Regular check-ups are also necessary so that the doctor can keep a track of the blood pressure levels and change the dosage of medicine if and when necessary.
It is also very important to change your lifestyle habits in order to control blood pressure levels. Here are some important changes in lifestyle that should be made by people suffering from Hypertension:

• Decrease the amount of salt that you consume in your food. It is advisable to reduce the junk food and switch to a lot of vegetables and fibrous foods.
• Exercise daily for at least 30 minutes. It is important to keep your weight in check and lose those extra pounds so that you are healthy
• Reduce the amount of stress. Stress can be a major factor that can contribute to high blood pressure.
• Stop smoking and reduce your consumption of alcohol to not more than one glass a day. Both these habits can cause a number of other problems coupled hypertension.
• Drink a lot of water daily